Enhance the enthusiasm of public participation in Social Governance Innovation — Gansu channel — p douke


Initiative to enhance public participation in Social Governance Innovation — Gansu channel — people.com.cn original title: to enhance public participation in social governance innovation enthusiasm under the planned economy, the government can control the strengthening of administrative power, the source of property in the planned economy the requirement of administrative power in neutral and control; and under the condition of market economy the main business of autonomy, not only requires the government for "control" to "service", but also requires diversification of governance and social governance mode, requirements established by the government, the new social governance structure of social organizations and the public participation. In the social governance, although the administrative power of the government still plays the role of guidance, supervision and service, but the establishment of a new interactive relationship between the government and social organizations is an urgent problem to be solved in the social governance innovation. According to the law of social development, the government should not only formulate policies and regulations, but also guide or mobilize the social organizations and the public to participate in social governance and form an effective joint force. From the government perspective, is to change the social structure, the adjustment of the interests of various social relations, in response to social demands, resolve social conflicts, maintain social justice, order and stability, maintain and improve the internal and external social environment, promote the political, economic, social, cultural and natural coordinated development. In this series of social governance activities, the most fundamental value orientation is that the government should serve the people’s livelihood, which is the basic function of the government to fulfill the social governance. It is necessary to make clear that the government’s appropriate decentralization does not mean giving up the duty, but perfecting and optimizing the functions. From the public point of view, participating in social governance is the process of arousing the public’s public spirit and social responsibility. The planned economic system and the single structure of government governance model make the general public lack the subjective consciousness, sense of social responsibility and initiative participation in the establishment of new social governance model. A considerable number of the public have formed the social mentality of obeying the government and relying on the government. They only hope that the government is active and enthusiastic in their participation in social governance, and lack of active participation in the action. At the same time, due to the lack of practical experience of participating in social governance, leading to the lack of public participation in social governance capacity. Therefore, arousing the public’s sense of public responsibility to participate in social governance innovation and improving their ability to participate in social governance has become an important problem to be solved. The sense of social responsibility is a kind of public ethical spirit, and also a kind of justice feelings to the nation and the nation. To cultivate public awareness of public participation in social governance, arouse social responsibility, and urge them to actively participate in social governance, we should focus on the following issues: actively guide the transformation of public awareness of personality. The change of public personality consciousness calls for changing the consciousness of "individual person" into the consciousness of "public man". This kind of "public man" means that the majority of the public should be changed from the role of manager to the role of manager, to change the "passive" identity into "initiative", and to change "no responsible subject" to "responsible subject"". That is to say, every social member should be involved in the innovation of social governance, which is the inherent requirement of social governance innovation. To achieve this goal, through public opinion propaganda, education, communication, interpersonal communication and other means, through strengthening

提升公众参与社会治理创新的积极性–甘肃频道–人民网 原标题:提升公众参与社会治理创新的积极性 计划经济条件下,政府治理强化行政权力的控制,这源于计划经济的属性要求行政权力的集中性和控制力;而在市场经济条件下,经营主体的自主化,不仅要求政府治理由“控制”转向“服务”,而且要求社会治理主体的多元化和治理方式的多样化,要求建立由政府主导,社会组织和广大公众参与的新型社会治理结构。在社会治理中,虽然政府的行政权力因素仍发挥着引导、监督和服务的作用,但建立政府与社会组织之间的新型互动关系,是社会治理创新亟待解决的问题。按照社会发展规律的要求,政府不仅要制定政策和法规,还要引导或调动社会组织和公众参与社会治理,形成有效合力。 从政府角度讲,就是要通过变革社会结构,调整各种社会利益关系,回应社会诉求,化解社会矛盾,维护社会公正、秩序和稳定,维护和健全社会内部与外部环境,促进政治、经济、社会、文化和自然协调发展。在这一系列社会治理活动中,贯穿其中最根本的价值指向是政府要服务于民生,这是政府履行社会治理的基本职能。需要明确的是,政府适度放权,并不意味放弃职责,而是完善和优化职能。 从公众角度讲,参与社会治理是唤醒广大公众公共精神和社会责任感的过程。计划经济体制和单一结构的政府治理模式,使广大公众缺乏建立新型社会治理模式所应有的主体意识、社会责任意识和主动参与意识。相当一部分公众养成了服从政府、依赖政府的社会心态,只希望政府作为,自身参与社会治理的积极性和热情不高,更缺乏主动参与的行动。同时,由于缺乏参与社会治理的实践经历,导致广大公众缺乏参与社会治理的能力。因此,唤起广大公众参与社会治理创新的公共责任意识,提高其参与社会治理的能力,已成为亟待解决的重要问题。 社会责任意识是一种公众伦理精神,也是一种对国家、民族的正义情怀。培育广大公众参与社会治理的公共意识,唤起社会责任感,促使其积极参与社会治理,应重点考虑如下问题: 积极引导公众人格意识的转变。公众人格意识的转变,要求变“个体人”的意识为“公共人”的意识。这种“公共人”意味着广大公众要由被管理者角色转为管理者角色,变“被动者”身份为“主动者”,变“无责任主体”为“有责任主体”。也就是说,在社会治理创新中,每一个社会成员都应该参与其中,这是社会治理创新的内在要求。为实现这一目的,要通过舆论宣传、教育传播、人际沟通等手段,通过强化公众的国家与个人相统一、公民权利与义务相统一、公共利益与个人利益相统一的观念,使公众意识到个人与社会的相互关系,唤醒公众良知,让他们在行为的自主性选择中张扬公共精神。要引导公众关注社会治理问题,通过组织各种不同形式的座谈会、讨论会,使其在关注与讨论中强化社会责任意识。要通过媒体宣传,表彰积极参与社会治理的典型,树立正面形象引导公众的价值意识,让公众切实感受到政府对公众参与社会治理创新的积极态度。 创造公众能够参与社会治理创新的机会与平台。培养公众参与社会治理的公共意识,要创造机会让公众参与社会治理,在实际参与中养成公共责任意识。在社会治理创新中,转变政府职能的关键在于,要变“权力者”的意识为“服务者”的意识。为此,政府要明确公众参与社会治理拥有哪些权利与义务,这需要以制度化的方式加以确定。要创造公众参与社会治理的机会,让公众能参与进来。为此,政府要切实转变职能,下放部分权力,积极鼓励公众参与决策、评估、监督。要建立畅通的沟通与诉求通道,让公众能够充分地表达意愿或建议,搭建揭露社会治理中问题的公共渠道。要切实保障公众履行公民行使选举权与被选举权的机会,强化参与社会治理创新的公共责任意识。 提升公众参与社会治理创新的能力。积极培养公众参与社会治理的能力,使其不仅愿意参与,而且能够参与。增强参与能力,将提升公众参与社会治理的自信和勇气,这对于培养公众的公共责任意识将起到促进作用。提高公众参与社会治理的能力可采取如下措施:通过教育培训、媒体传播等渠道,切实加深公众对政策法规的理解,以实现公众依法参与社会治理各项事务;发挥精英带动的示范作用,实行专家或公务员指导,使公众知道参与社会治理该做什么以及怎样做;建立公益岗位或监督岗位,让公众在实际岗位上通过体验和锻炼,获得参与的成就感和自豪感,以此增强公众参与社会治理创新的公共责任意识。(摘编自《光明日报》) (责编:高翔、周婉婷)相关的主题文章: