Senior migrant workers fly southeast five years abroad to earn more than ten years in the country-sorpack

Comments Off on Senior migrant workers fly southeast five years abroad to earn more than ten years in the country-sorpack

Senior workers: Southeast Fly abroad for five years than in the ten years earn more senior employees "fly to Southeast": five years abroad than at home ten years earn more each reporter Zhou Heng road repair, fewer people; spacious house, most of the time it is empty. If the time of home is not spring festival, it is difficult to gather together four people playing mahjong in the village. After 15 years of working abroad, although Cao Yonghui returned home at least once a year, the changing villages made him feel strange. Cao Yonghui, a 33 year old migrant worker, is exporting Henan, a father of three daughters, who is the leader of hundreds of Vietnamese workers. Since his debut in Guangzhou in 2000, he has worked in a Taiwan funded shoe factory. With the migration of labor intensive factories, Cao Yonghui’s workplace has been transformed many times. 5 years ago, he transferred from Fuzhou to Vietnam in Thanh Hoa province. After working in Vietnam for a year, Cao Yonghui bought a more than 140 square meter house in his county town. Now, he and his wife are working in Vietnam, is the local people "envy, jealousy, hatred" of the "dry" (from China’s cadres), two people monthly income of more than 10 thousand yuan, the average wage of workers in the factory is about 1100 yuan. However, Cao Yonghui often feels that "the days of working for people are enough," and the next two years, save a sum of money to go back home to do things by yourself. But what are you going to do home? He didn’t have a clue. In fact, the idea of "going home for two years" came when he first came to Vietnam five years ago, but was not under the pressure of life. The village was hollowed out in Cao village, Linying County, Cao Yonghui’s hometown. He was an early worker in the south. At that time, the main income of the village people from farming, migrant workers are mostly young boy. About five or six years ago, Cao village and nearby villages farmland to hundreds of acres and acres of land contracting, the rural labor force began to be liberated. Migrant workers who found in Tian Xin struggling after a year of Michael Essien, also not worth working outside the salary of two or three months. The villagers of the place a lot of migratory birds, only during the Spring Festival to return home for the new year. Although the village has been repaired, the house is spacious, but people are less and less. Small fish pond often bathe, do not know what time has been filled with waste, a summer exudes a pungent smell. Cao Zhuang Cun a kilometers away from Zhoucun, the town earlier construction of new rural villages, two years ago, a car more than 100 sets of commercial housing prices, sold 1200 yuan a square metre, but more than 80% failed to sell out. "The house can not sell, this year before the spring festival began to promote sales, a square meter down to 900 yuan, but still no one buy."." A local villager told reporters. Rich villagers, basically like Cao Yonghui, bought real estate in the county town. Linying county housing prices, has also risen to 3000 yuan a square meter. And seven or eight years ago, the same part of the house price is less than 1000 yuan. "Now married in rural areas, many women asked the man must have a house in the county seat."." A villager in greater Zhoucun said that at least 30% of the families in the village were talking about it

资深打工仔东南飞:出国五年比在国内十年挣得多   资深打工仔“东南飞”:出国五年比在国内十年挣得多   ◎每经记者 周恒   路修好了,人却少了;房子盖宽敞了,大部分时间却是空荡荡的。如果回家的时间不是春节,在村里很难凑齐四个人打麻将。在外打工15年,尽管曹永辉每年至少回老家一次,但剧烈变化的村庄让他越来越感觉陌生。   33岁的曹永辉来自务工人员输出大省河南,除了是三个女儿的父亲,他另外一个身份是几百号越南工人的领导。自2000年广州“出道”以来,他就在一家台资鞋厂上班。随着这个劳动密集型工厂的迁移,曹永辉的工作地点也多次转换。5年前,他从福州调到了越南清化省。   在越南工作一年后,曹永辉在老家县城买了一套140多平方米的房子。现在,他和妻子都在越南工作,是让当地人“羡慕嫉妒恨”的“中干”(来自中国的干部),两人月收入都在1万元以上,厂里当地工人的平均工资则在1100元左右。   不过,曹永辉时常感觉“给人打工的日子过够了,”准备再干两年攒一笔钱回老家自己做事情。但是回家干什么?他一直没有头绪。其实,“干两年回家”这种想法,他五年前刚到越南时就有,只是迫于生活压力一直都没能实现。   被“掏空”的农村   在曹永辉的老家临颍县曹庄村,他是较早南下打工的人。彼时,村里人主要收入来自务农,外出务工的多是毛头小子。   大概五六年前,曹庄村和附近几个自然村的农田开始被人几百亩甚至上千亩地承包,农村的劳动力开始全面被解放。外出打工的人发现,在田里辛辛苦苦忙活了一年,还抵不上在外打工两三个月的工资。   十里八乡的村民很多成了迁徙的候鸟,只有春节期间才回家过年。虽然村里路修好了,房子宽敞了,但人却越来越少了。小时候经常洗澡摸鱼的池塘,不知道什么时候已被垃圾填满,一到夏天就散发出刺鼻的臭味。   距离曹庄村一公里远的大周村,是镇上较早进行新农村建设的自然村,前两年一口气修了一百多套商品房,房价卖到1200多元一平方米,但八成以上都没能卖出去。“房子卖不出去,今年春节前开始搞促销,一平方米降到900元,但还是没人买。”一名当地村民向记者表示。   有钱的村民,基本都像曹永辉一样,在县城购买了房产。临颍县城的房价,也已经涨到3000元一平方米。而七八年前,同样地段的房价不足千元。“现在农村结婚,很多女方要求男方必须在县城有一套房子。”一位大周村的村民说,村里至少有三成的家庭在县城或省城买了房子。   “如果不是春节,平时老家很少有人,能出去打工的都出去了,感觉村里像被掏空了。”在曹永辉看来,年轻一代早已没有了务农意识,愿意回去的人越来越少,农村仍会加剧衰败。   在曹永辉老家人大批外出务工的同时,远在福清市远郊的洪宽工业村开始腾飞。曹永辉2002年从广州到洪宽工业村时,那里还相对荒凉。很快,他所在的台资厂商在福清建立三个硫化鞋代工厂,员工达七八千人。而周围像这样的厂商,还有几十家。   大量厂商的入驻和来自全国各地工人的涌入,极大地刺激了当地经济的发展。2010年曹永辉从福清分厂调到越南分厂时,洪宽工业村规模以上工业产值已超过100亿元,是2005年的5倍多。   回老家的想法一直在   曹永辉从业15年的迁徙,几乎和他所工作的台资厂商同步。该厂商2000年前后在广州起家,最初租用其他厂家一条运动鞋生产线,给国外运动鞋品牌做代工,随后生意越做越大,并在广东修建数个分厂。2002年,该厂商入驻洪宽工业村,并很快发展了3个分厂。   2009年后,东南沿海地区开始面临用工荒,劳动密集型的鞋厂同样“在劫难逃”。当时,包括曹永辉在内的很多中层干部都有招工任务,甚至要返乡招工。   也就在那时候,该厂商开始向另外两个方向迁徙。一个方向是曹永辉的老家河南,2010年开始,该厂商先后在河南中部的舞阳县、舞钢市等地建了三个分厂;另一个方向是越南,该厂商2010年后开始在越南大规模建厂,目前在越南的分厂已有十多个。   据曹永辉介绍,他刚调到越南工作的时候,“那里是个鸟不拉屎的地方,周末出去喝个酒都要走几公里路,而且工人不好管理,经常罢工。”最近两年,这位老板的生意在越南越做越大,员工加起来有十多万人。外资厂商的加速入驻,也极大促进了当地经济发展,“我们现在工作那个地区,就在向当年的洪宽工业村方向发展。”曹永辉说。   知情人士透露,像近年来的大多数劳动密集型企业迁移一样,曹永辉的厂商迁徙是为了节省劳动力成本,“在洪宽工业村分厂一个普通员工月薪大概四千,在河南分厂大概两千,在越南大概一千出头,而四五年前这个数字是四五百元。”目前,该厂商在福清的3家分厂关了2家,剩下的1家招工仍很困难。   该厂商在越南的中层干部大多来自中国。曹永辉介绍,他和妻子的月薪都在1万元以上,比在国内时高出一大截,出国这五年,比之前在国内十年挣的钱还多得多。   不过,曹永辉心里面还是想着“回家”。他介绍,4年前他曾错过一个机会,当时老家有个朋友邀请他一起到成都做木材生意,家人担心做生意赔钱,加上他当时刚买了房子缺钱,就没有舍得放弃现在的工作,“当初邀请我一起做生意的哥们,在成都赚了几百万,给别人打工永远发不了财,在外边打了这么多年工,我也干够了,再挣两年钱就回来自己干。”   至于干什么,他仍没有想好。“这次肯定要回来了,大闺女马上就要上初中了,再不回来一晃眼她就初三了。”在外边打工时他最担心的,是在老家的三个女儿。   实际上,近年像曹永辉这样想“回家”的外出务工者不在少数,因为成千上万的外来务工者在他们所工作的城市无力买房。河南省统计局官网的一份调查数据显示,河南省农村外出务工人员选择到省外务工的比例从2012年的47.4%,下降到2013年的43.6%,这个数据到2014年下降到39%。与之相对应的是,选择在本地(本县、本市)务工的比例则在上升。 进入【新浪财经股吧】讨论相关的主题文章: