The director of Liaoning Provincial Bureau of cultural relics responded to the the Great Wall incide yvette yates


The director of the Liaoning Provincial Cultural Relics Bureau responded to the the Great Wall incident: it really ugly news: "Liaoning" the most beautiful wild the Great Wall was mortar Department 700 year history of the national treasure "is known as" the most beautiful wild the Great Wall "in Liaoning Suizhong small river the Great Wall, although the national cultural relics protection units, but due to the mountains but few people know. But recently, the estuary the Great Wall was known to the public because of a group of photographs appearing on the internet. In the picture, the walls and the ground were flattened, the undulating walls and the wild style were replaced by the hardened pavement. The photographer said, this is the security department for repair results to the public concern and questioned the attendant. In September 21st, Ding Hui, deputy director of Liaoning Provincial Department of culture and director of the Cultural Relics Bureau, confirmed to the case group 37 that the renovation of the estuary of the Great Wall was carried out two years ago in accordance with the plan. The purpose is to repair the damage and protect it, but it also admits that it is not well done." The old walls carved doors and windows: "this section has 700 years of history, not only wild, authentic, gate doors and windows carved, extraordinary as if done by the spirits. And forest vegetation is particularly good, overlooking, you can see the city gate, as well as the distant city." Liu Fusheng, director of the Provincial Administration Office of Yongan provincial Forest Park of Suizhong Province, told the No. 37 of the case group, which was attracted by the charm of the wild the Great Wall and the dense mountain forest, thus moved to the foot of the mountain and lived for more than ten years. Small river the Great Wall is located in Suizhong County of Huludao City, Yongan Bao Xiang, the Great Wall is the main trunk line in Liaoning Province, is located in the rugged mountains of Yanshan, Liaoning and Hebei two provinces border, about 8.9 kilometers long, 31 dilou, 18 seat, 14 seat Beacon Tower and taiwan. Data show that small river the Great Wall was built in Hongwu fourteen years (1381 AD), built by the brick, lime pointing, walls and Taiwan fort, all blend into one harmonious whole but also has a very strong, and can fight to keep reserve military supplies the enemy units, the doors and windows were all carved with exquisite patterns. Renovation: the walls and the ground were smeared with hardened roads, and Liu Fusheng, who climbed the estuary of the Great Wall every day, could reach this section of the photograph in 30 minutes from the mountain. He also became a witness on the the Great Wall, every tree and Bush a brick with one stone, every change, he carefully recorded. In 2014, Liu Fusheng met a controversial renovation project, "construction workers with lime and sand mixed with cement, the walls and the ground with a horizontal plane, looks like a large white wall." He said, the scene of the construction staff told him, to repair is to rush repair, in order to prevent the collapse of the risk. The picture of this period, about one or two kilometers, before Liu Fusheng on homicide No. 37, repair, the ground is some broken stones, some walls collapsed, "but would have one meter high, the collapse of the risk is not completed, no more than two meters high." The project was about 3 months after the end, once again came to the the Great Wall, Liu Fusheng was startled, "originally undulating wall brick and broken ground, have been fused together into a hardened road." What he didn’t understand was that the layer on the surface was very thin, "stick with a stick, and the thinnest place was thinner than the nail."." Related response materials.

辽宁省文物局局长回应长城事件:确实修得不好看新闻链接:《辽宁“最美野长城”被砂浆抹平 系700年历史的国宝》被誉为“最美野长城”的辽宁绥中小河口长城,虽为国家级文物保护单位,但由于地处深山而鲜有人知。但近段时间,由于一组照片在网络上的出现,小河口长城被公众所知。照片中,城墙与地面被抹平,起伏的墙垛与野性风貌被硬化路面所取代。照片的拍摄者提到,这是文保部门对其进行修缮的结果,公众的关注与质疑随之而来。9月21日,辽宁省文化厅副厅长、文物局局长丁辉向重案组37号证实,小河口长城的这段修缮,的确是两年前按照方案进行的,目的是为了抢修保护,但也承认“确实修得不好看。”昔日:城墙坚固门窗雕刻精美“这段有700年的历史,不仅野性、原汁原味,城楼的门窗还雕梁画柱,鬼斧神工。而且森林植被特别好,远眺,可以看到座座城楼,以及远处的城市。”绥中县永安锥山省级森林公园管理处主任刘福生告诉重案组37号,正是被这段野长城的风韵和掩映的茂密山林所吸引,从而搬到了山脚下,一住十几年。小河口长城位于葫芦岛市绥中县永安堡乡,是辽宁境内的明长城主干线,坐落于险峻的燕山山脉,是辽宁与河北的两省分界线,长约8.9公里,有31座敌楼、18座战台、14座烽火台。资料显示,小河口长城始建于明洪武十四年(公元1381年),由青砖修建而成,用白灰勾缝,城墙与台堡浑然一体、格外坚固,而且还建有能战能守又能贮备军用物资的敌台,其门窗也都雕刻着精美的花纹。修缮:城墙与地面抹成硬化路面每天都攀爬小河口长城的刘福生,用30分钟就能从山下抵达照片中的这一段。他也成为了一名见证者,长城之上的一草一木、一砖一石,每一个变化,他都用心记录下来。2014年时,刘福生遇见了这场备受争议的修缮工程,“建筑工人用掺着白灰和沙土的水泥,把城墙和地面抹成了一个水平面,看起来就像大白墙。”他说,现场的施工人员告诉他,来修缮是为了抢修,以防坍塌发生危险。照片里的这一段,大约一两公里,刘福生对重案组37号说,修之前,地面是有些石头碎了,部分墙垛塌了,“但是本来也就一米多高,塌了其实并不危险,修完了也不超过两米高。”工程大约进行了3个月,结束后,再次来到长城上,刘福生又吃了一惊,“原本残缺起伏的垛口墙和青砖地面,已经融合到一起,成了一条硬化路面。”最让他理解不了的是,铺在表面上的这一层特别薄,“用木棍一扎就露了,最薄的地方比指甲还薄。”相关回应材料以沙土为主并非完全水泥抹平对于网友质疑的“城墙被抹平”,以及刘福生所说的“用水泥硬化”,绥中县文物局方面向媒体解释,这些说法并不准确,此次修缮属于抢险工程,雨水大的时候有倒塌风险,整个修缮过程也合理合法,工艺也没有问题,而且使用的材料并不是砂浆或水泥。辽宁省文物局局长丁辉向重案组37号介绍,照片中的这段长城,在修缮之前已经严重破损,专家在勘察时发现,其墙体只剩下半截,地面青砖碎裂,沙土裸露,一下大雨就会冲毁,如果再不进行修缮保护,不仅会发生危险,仅剩的半截也会损坏消失。正是因为这样,文物部门制定了一个抢修方案,“在破损严重的部分上面,盖上一层‘保护层’。”丁辉说,全程8公里的修缮工程中,有的地方是修复,有的地方是加固,而这一段就是保护,大约一两公里,“材料是沙土,这样才能把破损的空隙填上,再加一层‘帽子’固定,并不完全是用砂浆和水泥来抹平。”他也表示,方案是由专家勘察后制定,并由国家文物局在2014年审批的,“按照方案,这一段是不能按照修复的方式来做的,只能保护性修缮。” 长城沿线15省 迎来长城公开课 修缮采用“专家制定的唯一的方案”丁辉也承认,用这样的方式修完之后,他们就已经发现,这一段从表面上看起来并不理想,“这不是最近媒体报道了我们才意识到的,一年多之前,我们就开始反复勘查,并且想办法去改善了,确实修得不好看,我们也很纠结,因为这是专家制定的唯一的方案。”既然文物部门已经发现了不足之处,为什么没有马上修改?丁辉说,文物修复是有一定规律的,不能刚修完就刮掉,毕竟专家制定的方案,是目前看来最适合的保护方式,而且也需要经历一段时间,来检验修缮效果,以及研究相应问题如何解决,“要按修复程序走。”另外,北方的施工时间有限,只有八、九两个月的时间适宜动工。施工方具备甲级资质且按方案进行对这段长城的施工手法看起来较粗糙,施工单位或不规范,也是公众质疑的问题之一。丁辉对此回应称,本次修缮工程共分为三段,每一段的施工单位都具备甲级资质,来自沈阳及大连,整个工程也是按照方案来执行的。对于目前的问题,丁辉表示,这段时间以来,专家已经多次到现场勘查调研,制定更好的调整方案,“现在还有人在现场,但这并不是勘查几次就能制定的,如果专家勘查后认为,目前的办法虽然保护了这段长城,但样子难看,那就来确定改善方案,随后我们会按照批准的方案来重新修缮。但如果没有更好的方案,也只能维持现状。”专家说法修缮流程应有制度层面保障“小河口长城被砂浆抹平绝非孤例”,昨日,著名长城专家、中国长城学会副会长董耀会向重案组37号表示,类似此段长城修缮所有手续合规,结果却破坏了文物风貌的原因,主要是目前全国长城修缮并无统一、可操作的标准。他介绍,目前长城属于各地分片保护,各地在修缮时的立项、设计、审批、施工等虽然会经过层层审批,但由于地方认识不同,对长城的修缮规划也不一样。以小河口长城为例,按程序是经过县、市、省逐级上报修缮计划,直至国家文物局批准后,地方再逐级上报审批修缮方案。由于修缮方案是由地方邀请机构进行设计,所以就会出现各地最终修缮结果不同的情况。因此,董耀会认为,长城保护急需的是出台全国统一的标准,根据土长城、砖长城、石头长城的不同类型,确定长城修缮方案。同时,要确定设计、施工、监理、管理、自查和他查等流程规范,让设计方、施工方和专家都参与其中,“国家有个标准,修长城的人心里就有了必须遵循的政策和底线”。长城修缮应以最小干预为原则董耀会建议,应对过去十年来修缮的长城进行一次梳理和回顾,从而确定目前长城保护的现状和修缮方式。他认为,应该尊重长城现有风貌,“不是修成过去的样子,也不是修成现代的样子”,而要以现状保护和最小干预为原则,保护长城现在的样子。同时,所有涉及添加的补砌、修补等措施,都要以长城的安全为目的,且与相邻部位墙体相协调,以此保护长城的真实性、完整性,以及现有沧桑古朴的历史风貌。链接 长城保护堪忧 最年轻的明长城完好段仅剩8%作为世界上规模最大的单体线性文化遗产,两千年来的自然损毁和人为破坏,已经使得古长城生存状况堪忧,被列为全球100处最濒危遗址之一。其中,有一部分已成为遗址,大部分保存状况堪忧,墙体坍塌,烽火台的砖瓦脱落,有些经风雨侵蚀已被掏空,留下数个大洞。长城学会调查结果显示,目前最年轻的明长城中,人工墙体长度为6259.6公里,目前保存较好的513.5公里,只有8%,还有1961.6公里的地面遗迹则已经消失了。相关的主题文章: